Mapping To Equation

Equation is a sophisticated threat group that employs multiple remote access tools. The group is known to use zero-day exploits and has developed the capability to overwrite the firmware of hard disk drives.


Disclaimer: We present this mapping to stimulate thinking about active defense options to combat this adversary, not to present all possibilities. We invite you to use this as a guide and add your own use cases for applying Shield techniques to counter each adversary action.

Note: All ATT&CK Group sub-technique mappings have been remapped to their parent technique and were derived from Group Technique mappings in ATT&CK v8.

Details
ATT&CK ID: G0020
Associated Groups:  Equation
Note:  This page uses Adversary Group data from MITRE ATT&CK.
ATT&CK Technique Opportunity Space AD Technique Use Case
T1120 - Peripheral Device Discovery There is an opportunity to gauge an adversary's interest in connected peripheral devices. DTE0029 - Peripheral Management A defender can connect one or more peripheral devices to a decoy system to see if an adversary has any interest in them.
T1120 - Peripheral Device Discovery There is an opportunity to determine adversary capabilities or preferences by controlling aspects of the engagement environment. DTE0029 - Peripheral Management A defender can plug in a USB drive and see how quickly the adversary notices and inspects it.
T1480 - Execution Guardrails There is an opportunity to detect the presence of an adversary by identifying and alerting on anomalous behaviors. DTE0007 - Behavioral Analytics A defender could develop behavioral analytics to detect the examination of commonly used guardrails such as inspection of VM artifacts, enumeration of connected storage and/or devices, domain information, etc.
T1480 - Execution Guardrails There is an opportunity to provide a variety of applications to an adversary to see what things an adversary prefers or to influence their operations. DTE0004 - Application Diversity A defender can stand up decoy systems or processes using a wide array of applications. These applications can be hardened to test an adversary's capabilities, or easily exploited to entice an adversary to move in that direction.
T1542 - Pre-OS Boot There is an opportunity to use security controls on systems in order to affect the success of an adversary. DTE0032 - Security Controls A defender can use Trusted Platform Module technology and a secure boot process to prevent system integrity from being compromised.
T1564 - Hide Artifacts There is an opportunity to block an adversary's intended action and force them to reveal additional TTPs. DTE0036 - Software Manipulation A defender can manipulate commands on system so that an adversary is unable to hide artifacts in ways they normally would.
T1564 - Hide Artifacts There is an opportunity to deploy a tripwire that triggers an alert when an adversary touches a network resource or uses a specific technique. DTE0034 - System Activity Monitoring A defender could monitor for known commands used to hide artifacts on a system and for activity associated with those hidden artifacts.